This page has been designed especially for you, our international friends, in order to provide some helpful information about General Aviation operations in our country. Greece is full of airports and airfields, with an 85% of them being mostly available in winter time. There are few international public airports with hard surface runways, but only 5 of them utilise a 24 hours customs availability. Air Clubs mostly operate with Cessnas 150-172-182, Piper Cherokees and TB's. If you plan to fly to our country, you are more than welcome. You will have no problems with communication in English, and we are pretty sure that you'll love our sun and blue skies...
Frequently asked questions
1. Do I need to file a flight plan?
On any international VFR flight to/from or within Greece (Athens LGGG FIR) you are required to file a flight plan. You may plan to cross the FIR boundary at any point you wish as long as it is an identified reporting point (i.e. Airway Fix at FIR border). Even for domestic & local (airport area) VFR flights, a flight plan is required. If you are departing from an airport without AIS office, you may file your flight plan to Athens central AIS by fax: +302103532635 or by phone: +302103533691. These numbers are attended 24 hours a day. A passenger manifest General Declaration may be requested to be submitted at this time. Alternatively you can try internet flight planning portals such as www.eurofpl.eu or www.rocketroute.com or www.homebriefing.com but for ZZZZ destination or departure airfields make sure you copy the appropriate AFTN codes of airports & airport zones affected.
2. What frequency should I be calling once I cross the boundary and where I can land?
All around the country you will be within the reach of "Athens Information" (if you fly VFR), on frequency 130.925 Mhz (North Sector) / 119.75 (South Sector). This station will provide you with (non radar) Flight Information Service and will give you all information about activated military and restricted airspaces. While flying VFR at low altitude, you may lose contact with FIS station. In that case, continue to fly according to your flight plan, on VFR, and wait for a contact later on. A contact must be made at least every 30 minutes. It is however advisable to contact the Approach or Tower frequency of any military unit whose airspace you will be transiting. Military airports usually have associated TMA's and you should contact the published frequency. You can also contact TUGRIT military radar on 129.80 for advisories.There is a new (from spring 2010) FIS service specifically for Athens TMA area while above FIS frequencies remain in effect for the rest of Greece. Athens Approach now offers FIS service dedicated to Athens TMA area on frequency 124,025. Refer to LGGG FIR NOTAM A0319/10 for details.
3. At what altitude should I fly?
VFR altitude on an easterly course (0°-179°) is odd thousands plus 500 ft (3500, 5500, 7500). On a westerly course (180°-359°) even thousands plus 500 feet (4500, 6500, 8500). This rule applies above 3000 feet AGL. On IFR flights same semicircular rule applies without the +500. Transition Altitude is specified in each airport's approach plate. If you plan to fly above the usual airway's base (6~7,000ft) inform FIS so that they coordinate with Athens Control in case they have any low flying IFR traffic in the airways.
4. What is the VFR transponder code?
At any chosen VFR altitude your transponder should squawk 7000 unless you are assigned an individual code. Transponder is mandatory for all flights, and mode C is mandatory within/below controlled airspace (TMA's CTR's Airways etc) even if VFR. Flights entering ATHINAI FIR should squawk 7000 unless otherwise advised by ATC.
5. Can I fly a Greek registered airplane with a foreign license?
Since March 2006, with a) a non JAR license or b) a non European National License, you cannot fly SX- registered aircraft any more without a validation by Hellenic CAA. With a JAR license not issued from Greece (Hellenic CAA) you can fly one but only within the boundaries of Hellenic Airspace. The only way to fly SX- registered aircraft with foreign license is to get a JAR validation on it from HCAA. Regarding b) : some National Licenses from European countries (e.g. UK) are still accepted for flight with SX-reg. aircraft in Greece but it may not be for long. FAA Licenses cannot be used any more for SX-reg. aircraft flying but only with N registered aircraft as everywhere. For more information contact HCAA FCL department at: +30210 9973049 (altn. 9973040 & 043).
6. How can I obtain a Greek validation?
According to HCAA Technical Directive 10/2007 of 05-Dec-2007, if you need a JAR validation on your foreign license (must be ICAO contracting state) by the Hellenic CAA (HCAA) it can be done but involves few administrative steps. HCAA issues the validation and it is valid for a maximum of 12 months. With this validation on your ICAO license you can fly to all licensed airports & airfields in Greece with SX-reg aircraft a) in Day, VFR, VMC only b) under private flying privileges (i.e. not commercial)
In brief for a basic PPL validation, a pilot along with the application, needs to submit to HCAA:
a) a photocopy of the ICAO license
b) a photocopy of the Medical certificate
c) a photocopy of the R/T certificate
d) a photocopy of recent logbook entries proving flying currency status
e) a fee of 6 Euro for PPL
For more information contact HCAA FCL department at: +30210 9973049 (altn. 9973040 & 043).
For residents of more than 180 days in Greece who hold a JAR license from another JAA country (without Greek Validation) you can fly Greek registered aircraft but only within the boundaries of Hellenic Airspace. For extra ratings on the PPL (e.g. Instrument Rating) again a 6 month validation can be issued with the necessary JAR Medical, Theory exams passed and a flight test with an FTO (not RF)
- HCAA website http://www.hcaa.gr/
- JAA website http://www.jaa.nl/
- EASA website http://easa.europa.eu/
For permanent residents in Greece with JAR license from other JAA countries it is advised that a transfer of their JAR FCL records is made to HCAA in order to avoid temporary validation requirements.
7. Are JARs already in effect?
Yes, JARs are already in force in our country. Greece is full JAA member. Greek JAR-FCL licenses are fully recognized by all countries (since March 2004). In any case, it is advised to become familiar with Greek national regulations before engaging in any aviation related business,because some of the traditional regulations may be different from western-European or ICAO standards. The RF or FTO (see para. 6) will be in charge of informing you regarding local regulations.
8. Can I rent an airplane in Greece?
In Greece there are Aeroclubs that are not "rent a plane" facilities. There are no such facilities in Greece. Nevertheless a foreign pilot may enroll as a fully qualified club member, as any other Greek pilot, and afterwards, may rent a plane from the club, as a club member. Air Clubs usually require a membership join and then a check-out with their instructor before renting the plane. There are also Flight Schools/academies where you can fly by renting the aircraft under "training" status. Prices range from 150 to 250 euros per flight hour, depending on type and equipment of the aircraft.
AOPA Hellas cannot recommend specific schools or organizations but we have found that www.hellasga.com, in the Links area, lists schools and aeroclubs that have a website per ICAO code of airport of operation. You may visit them individually and contact directly for inquiry about flying with their aircraft.
A similar list without ICAO codes can be found here www.11aviation.com/directory.pl?categ=4.
In the CAA website you can also find the official list of currently Approved Training Organizations (ATOs) under www.hcaa.gr --> LICENSING AND TRAINING --> TRAINING CENTRES.
9. Emergency situations
When a flying aircraft is in an emergency situation, then it may land at, besides the airports, any suitable aerodrome without prior permission (as referred to AGA 0-1 par 3.1.2.). The Emergency Frequency is the international 121.50
10. Controlled fire areas LGC
Greece has introduced this definition which is: An airspace of defined dimensions within which firing of projectiles and missiles takes place and is coordinated in such manner that air traffic operating through that area is not endangered. Please ask ATC or FIS if any are active in low levels.
11. How do I obtain NOTAMS?
You can go by the old fashioned way and call the LGAV reporting office for NOTAMS at 210 3533691-2 or Fax 210 3532635 but the Internet nowadays has all the information you need.
You can freely check all notams at the FAA's web interface https://www.notams.faa.gov/
Accept the security certificate exception in your browser (its safe) and search by ICAO code.
For Athens (Greece) FIR the code is LGGG.
For a graphic presentation of Greece's (LGGG FIR, not airport specific) two upcoming day's notams you can also check this nice tool
You select category and display the ones you want.
Also you can check www.aopa.gr/aerogis which will forward you to an excellent information interface designed by one AOPA Greece, private pilot and professional ATC, member. It displays all the information a private pilot needs including weather, notams, airspace and even has a simple flight planner.
12.a. Ground Handling
According to the Greek AIP you must accept and pay for handling services at major airports if it is offered to you. i.e. if it’s not offered don’t bother. The official wording in the AIP is:
"It is obligatory to private aircraft to accept marshalling at all Greek aerodromes as well as crew and passenger transportation wherever such service is available" (AIP GEN 126.96.36.199.4)
AOPA Hellas has established agreements with ground handling agents in Greece for better pricing towards flights of pilots carrying AOPA AIR CREW cards. The agreements include only Marshalling and Transport/Escort to/from airport terminal and they are available only for valid (non expired) AOPA AIR CREW CARD holders and only for GENERAL AVIATION private flights (incl. training). Commercial light aircraft flights are excluded.
12.b. CONTINUE BY READING the Current Prices & Terms Offered for AOPA for valid AIR CREW card holders to get the latest data.
The above linked page contains the latest information on GROUND HANDLING in Greece.
13. Must I takeoff or land at an “International Airport” if I’m coming from abroad?
Yes, even if you are flying to/from SCHENGEN treaty countries (European Union), according to Greece AIP you must take off / land at a designated "airport of entry". It is not a customs check but customs and/or police personnel have to check passports for nationality and whether indeed you are coming from/leaving for a Schengen country.
List of designated airports of entry (coded INTL) can be found at AIP Greece
Part 3 - Aerodromes - AD 1.3 INDEX TO AERODROMES / HELIPORTS
14. Do I have to fly airways or designated air routes?
Filing a Flight plan in IFR style (with airways etc.) is preferred by ATC but not mandatory. Still, even without airways, using IFR fixes (point/navaid to point/navaid) style is preferred.
VFR flights are preferred to fly a track below or within lateral limits of controlled airspace (at +500ft. ALT). VFR via non controlled airspace is not allowed when above Greek territory. Greek territory is considered land areas and any sea surface 12nm inside from any Greek shore.
As stated in Greece AIP, in the "high seas" i.e. above sea, outside the 12nm from any shore, there is no such restriction.
Airways, TMA's & CTR's are controlled airspace though and most of Greek territory - and 12nm sea from shore - is covered by the lateral limits of one of them so there is no problem with this rule.
Inside some of the TMA's there are Greece AIP published suggested "VFR routes" with specific altitudes that can be flown without the need of entry clearance. Diversions from filed route & altitude are given if requested (coordination with FIS) en route for e.g. "weather/wind turbulence avoidance" but not during the initial Flight Plan submission phase on ground. All VFR routes charts are available at airports where CAA office has the Greece AIP.
Military MTMAs covering most of mainland Greece do have some suggested VFR routes that are published in the Military AIP (MAIP) which is not publicly available. Military ATC on a busy day MAY ask you to follow them even though not published on civil charts. Only reported problems have been reported at areas around Zakynthos LGZA where Andravida LGAD MTMA MIL ATC handle a lot of civil traffic in the summer for Zakynthos LGZA and their own military traffic for Andravida LGAD and Araxos LGRX air force bases.
These routes ARE charted in the Greek Aviation Maps (GAM) documented in paragraph 20.
So in case you want to fly low level VFR in areas:
A) East of Zakynthos LGZA (inside Andravida LGAD MTMA)
B) Northwest of Athens (Tanagra LGTG MTMA)
C) or in central east mainland Greece (LGBL and LGLR MTMAs)
these charts may come handy.
In all other civil TMAs of Greece VFR routes are published in the civil airport charts (AIP charts, GAM charts and Jeppesen VFR Bottlang guides).
15. Can I fly IFR?
Yes you can.
16. Can I fly VFR at night?
No, only on an IFR flight plan.
Night VFR is only approved by special permission. More info. in Greece AIP ENR 188.8.131.52.2
17. How do I find out airport opening hours?
For the English version of the AIRPORTS OPERATING SCHEDULE click here to download it, http://www.hcaa.gr/en/our-airports/Orario-aerolimenon
but always remember to also check for the latest NOTAM's since this is just a document uploaded from a CAA office that can be delayed etc. This document is more useful for PLANNING reasons, NOT for pre flight briefing where the NOTAMs are your sole official source of information.
18. Will I find aviation fuel at my destination?
Not all airports have fuel. It should be published in the AIP or by NOTAM. A list of airports providing AVGAS can be found further down in paragraph 22.
19. Which airports can I fly to / Do I need prior permission to?
The following Greek airports have access restrictions for GA aircraft according to Greece AIP.
In civil airports where there is PPR/PNR there will for sure be mandatory HANDLING. So do not try to contact the airport yourself, delegate this process to the handlers since you you will pay them anyway. You contact them and they take care of the PPR/PNR process. All handlers are very good in email communications in English. For Handling details see paragraph 12 further up.
Check AIP/NOTAMs for latest info. but these are more or less the usual requirements the recent years.
|PPO (Prior Permission Only)
They do not accept GA except for exceptional cases by permission via HAF
|PPR (Prior Permission Required)
GA only with prior permission (via HAF for military AB's)
|PNR (Prior Notice Required)
GA approved only by prior notice
For Military Air Bases that have no HCAA presence (first column) access is not allowed.
For Military Air Bases that have HCAA presence (second column) access is allowed but with prior permission by HAF via HCAA.
At least one week (5 working days) before the flight send an email or FAX to the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (HCAA) with the following details:
Email : email@example.com
Fax: +30 210 8947101 & 8916338
Tel.: +30 210 8916247
From: (your contact details)
Subject: Private flight to Kalamata LGKL (amend destination accordingly)
I request permission to visit Araxos airport with the following flight details:
Pilot Name xxx xxxx, Nationality, xxxxxxx
Passenger(s) Name(s) xxxx xxxx, Nationality xxxxxxx
Aircraft Registration: xxxx
Aircraft Owner: xxxx
Aircraft Type : xxxxx
Aircraft MTOW : xxxxx
Arrival Date & Time (UTC) : xxxx xxxx
Flight Origin : From XXXX (if outside EU you need to request customs presence)
Departure Date & Time (UTC) : xxxx xxxx
Purpose of flight : Private / Recreational
After the email/fax they will take care of the coordination with Hellenic Air Force and they will reply you by Email/FAX within 2~4 days with the approval.
There exists only one exemption to the above and that is for Greek register (SX) aircraft for Saturday, Sunday and National holidays. During these days SX registered aircraft are allowed to arrive or depart without prior permission in MIL airports with HCAA presence, as long as they operate within the CIV airport operation hours as published per NOTAM.
20. Which charts can I use for VFR flying in Greece?
GREEK AVIATION MAP
The publishing team may have a disclaimer stating that "We are strongly insisting that this is NOT an official chart for navigation and flight planning (there are actually no HCAA certified VFR charts covering Greece), ONLY official sources should be use for flight and flight planning (Greek AIP and current NOTAMs) and it is clearly mentioned on the maps that 'For a safe and legal flight preparation, flight planning and for navigation through the flight, always consult the latest valid NOTAMs and the latest version of the AIP Greece'" but this actually is the only true VFR chart (1/500.000 scale) existing for Greece airspace to date.
The charts include all the information required to plan and fly VFR like:
- topography and current information based on the latest edition of AIP Greece
- airport and airspace information
- communications frequencies
- navaid information & VOR compass rose
- VFR routes & IFR airways with their reporting points
If you are a current AOPA Hellas member you also get a 10% discount on the charts by filing in your AOPA ID details in the ordering page.
NOTE: CHECK ALWAYS THE AIP GREECE AND LATEST NOTAMS BEFORE YOUR FLIGHT IN GREEECE!!!
One other solution for en route VFR charts for Greece are the 1:500,000 TPC charts for free (electronic file) that you can find at http://www.greekhelicopters.gr/helos/?page_id=100. The Navaids data is old (late 90s) and there is no GPS data on them. The topography is as it was in the late 90s. For NAV, COM, GPS and AIRSPACE data you can use the Jeppesen low level IFR chart E(LO)13-14 which include the latest data.
21. How do I obtain Weather briefings?
You can call +302103533689 at LGAV MET office for a weather briefing the old fashioned way but the Internet nowadays provides most of the information for free.
Official Greece MET service website with Low Level weather charts, METARs and TAFs.
In "Current Data" you can also find satellite, weather radar and strike images live.
You will also find some METARs of small provincial airports (by town's name) not published in big Internet portals; examples Megara LGMG, Tatoi LGTT, Tripoli LGTP, Milos LGML, Kasos LGKS, Sitia LGST, Astypalaia LGPL, Kastelorizo LGKJ
Quick and easy access to METARs and TAFs of Greece
Non aviation specific but very accurate in Greece weather forecasting
Maritime specific but very accurate in Greece weather forecasting
Satellite images of Greece weather updated every 15 minutes
Greece satellite image with weather updated few times per day
Europe and eastern Greece zoomed view (by selecting Turkey) of Infared weather systems temperatures in colors.
Sectional view of the weather by submitting route based on airport ICAO codes near by.
All in one general aviation portal for weather and airspace.
Strike data for southeast Europe focused in Greece
European storm forecast
General site containing many European weather links
While flying in Greece, on VHF you can tune on 127,800 "Athinai VOLMET" where actual weather of major Greek and southeast Europe airports is contantly broadcasted on voice.
22. Aviation Fuel Availability in Greece
The airports that currently provide AVGAS in Greece are:
- LGMG (not avail. Mondays)
- LGSM (prior notice October to May)
The price varies from 2,7 to 3,0 Euro per Lt. VAT included (May 2015).
CHECK above airport NOTAMs to make sure there are no changes since this page was last updated.
With the exception of very small provincial airfields most airports have JETA1 fuel for turboprops.
MOGAS, or any fuel, is allowed to be brought in the apron by the pilot from outside for self service refueling BUT the regulation is quite strict making it hard for anyone non based at the airport to perform the operation. It requires max 20Lt metal canisters for fuel, fire extinguishers, grounding of aircraft by cable, operation to take place at CAA designated refueling area etc. Sometimes the biggest hurdle is how to transfer the fuel from local gas station. First of all taxi drivers most probably will deny to transport fuel in their car (under regular fee ...) and secondly you will need to trust the gas station provides clean non diluted MOGAS. We have never heard of diluted MOGAS being provided for aircraft but still there is no guarantee of purity like in sealed AVGAS barrels. Some local based aircraft who refuel MOGAS like this have set up the operation with local CAA's approval, have the equipment per regulation and trust the supplying gas station for purity. AOPA cannot recommend such local ongoing operations since we cannot guarantee anything.
23. What are the airport charges?
Landing/ Parking Fees AIP GREECE (see paragraph 27) GEN 4.1.2
For light aircraft (up to 5.7 tons) registered in Greece or another EU Member State: EURO 1,63 per day
For light aircraft (up to 5.7 tons) aircraft registered in a non - EU country: EURO 7,34 per day
One charge per aircraft per day that counts for all Greek public airports for that one calendar day.
AIP: 184.108.40.206.2.5.4 During the periods of January to March and October to December Landing - Parking Fees are reduced by fifty
percent (50%) at al Airports except LGAV - ATHINAI/ ELEFTHERIOS VENIZELOS Airport.
There are exemptions for Aeroclub owned aircraft and aircraft participating in aero-athletic events. More details is GEN 220.127.116.11.3
Passengers Charges AIP GREECE (see paragraph 27) GEN 4.1.3
The official title is : Airport development and modernization charge – ADMC
It is charged per each departure. For light aircraft the charges are:
EURO 12.00 for those traveling to EU, EEA countries (European Economic Area: Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein) and Switzerland
EURO 22.00 for all the other destinations.
Passengers continuing their trip with the same aircraft (transit - not exiting airport) are excluded from the payment of the charge.
Provision of Ground Handling Services
For further information please check the above paragraph No 12 - Ground Handling
24. Athens GA Airport
The dedicated General Aviation facility for Athens is Megara LGMG airport 40km west of the city. It is a "VFR only" airport and has operational hours a bit shorter than aviation day to night time period. Visit Megara Airport page for further information and ground charts. Megara is a Hellenic Army Aviation helicopter base which has a civil apron on the Eastern side.
Alternatively one can go VFR day, or IFR day & night at Athens International LGAV airport which is a 24 hr international large size airport. The airport duty officer must be informed for landing permission 3 hours in advance and a handling agent must be assigned. Total charges at LGAV for a light aircraft should be about 230 Euro's for first day and then another 70~80 Euro's per consecutive day.
Tatoi Dekelia LGTT, Hellenic Air Force cadets base is open only for local based (civilian) Aeroclubs and is not accessible to private individual visitors.
Elefsis LGEL, Hellenic Air Force Military Air Transport Command base, is closed to all civilian Aviation.
Kotroni LGKN, is a Hellenic Navy heliport closed to all civilian Aviation.
25. Airport Details and Contact Directory
HCAA's Airport Directory: http://www.hcaa.gr/en/our-airports
Airport phone & fax directory courtesy of Chania Aeroclub: http://www.aer.gr/aerotel.pdf
Airport Directory with pilots' feedback: http://www.you-fly.com/airport/country/Greece
26. Crete Airports - Transit to Africa & Middle East etc
Many pilots contact us regarding flight via Crete island as an intermediate stop for flights destined to Africa & Middle East.
For Crete there are three options:
- Chania LGSA Air Base to the west.
A mixed use airport, Civilian, busy Hellenic Air Force & NATO base. To fly there you need to send a PPR fax (check para. #19) at least 5 working days in advance. Only Greek registered aircraft are allowed to operate without PPR there and that only on SAT & SUN.
- Iraklion LGIR in the center
The capital airport of Crete with lots of commercial traffic. You can visit Iraklion freely with just a PNR but you should expect some considerable delays in refuelling (same driver for JET-A1 bowser) and may get flight delays in arrivals & departures due to traffic. Expect paperwork & refuelling to take at least 1.5 hour.
- Sitia LGST on the Eastern edge
A relaxed calm airport very friendly to GA. No handling, plenty of AVGAS. Only thing you should be carefull with over there are the operating hours. Check the LGST NOTAMs for the operation hours https://www.notams.faa.gov/ John Georgantakis (email: i.georgantakis(at)gmail.com) a local AOPA Hellas member, PPL & based Cessna owner can always help you with anything you may need.
LGST pictures: http://hellasga.com/gallery/kyp/lgst/
At all 3 airports you can make a Schengen entry/exit (check para. #13) but it's recommended you let them know in advance in case they need to notify customs officers.
27. Where can I find Greece AIP on line?
You can access Greece's AIP through HCAA’s website with a free login at:
After you Login go to AIP PUBLICATIONS -> AIP
Our experience has shown that some logins are not automatically approved and there is no way to change them because the email supplied remains registered as an existing user's email.
We have communicated with HCAA about other combinations that were not approved but we got no response.
28. Flying Ultralights in Greece
To fly an ultralight in Greece a PPL (EASA or JAR) license does not suffice, one must have a valid Ultralight Pilot’s License (and medical certificate) either from Greece or a European Union country. The ultralight flown must be of the same category stated on the license. Ultralight licenses from non- European Union countries are not valid. For those holding an EASA or JAR license and are interested in obtaining an Ultralight Pilot’s License in Greece must follow the regulations stated below:
In the Greek Code for Ultralight Flying Machines (Δ2/26314/8802) that is in effect today it states on page 7 article 7 paragraph 22 that:
If a pilot holds an EASA or JAR license that has not expired and wishes to obtain an Ultralight Pilot’s License for the same category he must:
- Locate a flying school and log 3hrs of flight time that must include 6 landings and take offs after each the aircraft came to a full stop.
- He must successfully pass an examination with a certified flight examiner
In the Greek Code for Ultralight Flying Machines (Δ2/26314/8802) that is in effect today it states on page 7 article 7 paragraph 23 that:
Ultralight Licenses from Non-European Union countries are not recognized for obtaining an Ultralight Pilot’s License. Corresponding Ultralight Licenses from European Union countries are recognized provided they have not expired.
29. Airspace Classification and TMAs transit
As of June 2013 all lower airspace in Greece (below FL195) is classified as follows (Greece AIP ENR 1.4):
Airspace outside Airways, TMAs, MTMAs, CTRs, MCTRs and ATZs is classified as class G.
CTRs and ATZs of controlled aerodromes is classified as class D.
CTRs and ATZs of uncontrolled aerodromes is classified as class G
Airways are classified as class E.
TMAs are classified as class E, with the additional requirement of a continuous two-way radio communication for all flights.
All TMAs in Greece have recommended VFR routes with altitudes that can be found in the AIP (see paragraph 27). TMAs are class E controlled airspace that start at 1000ft. AGL. You can fly through them without any problems as long as you are in communication with the ATC unit in charge (and have ModeC trasnponder active for Radar TMAs). Most of the times they will ask you to follow their VFR routes BUT many times if you request a flight VFR DIRECT-TO to transit the TMA at higher altitude, you may be given the permission to do so. It all has to do with whether your requested route comes close to the IFR commercial traffic flying areas/altitudes. If you need such a permission request best is to communicate it early with FIS before entering the subject TMA by giving ETA for entry point, requested route and altitude and ETA for exit point.
30. Aircraft Equipment Requirements
Regarding VHF communication (see above paragraph 29) unless you fly from outside CAS (Controlled Airspace) to outside CAS via non CAS (impossible unless flying between remote ZZZZ fields) VHF communication ability is mandatory.
Mode C TRANSPONDER
Per Greece AIP ENR 1.2
All VFR flights flying FL60 to 195 must carry and operate a Mode C Transponder.
All VFR flights entering Radar Equipped TMAs of Athens (LGAV, LGMG), LGTS, LGIR, LGKR, LGRP must carry and operate a Mode C Transponder.
From experience we can also tell you that, even though not classified as Radar TMAs,
- LGAD ATC controlling Military TMA affecting Zakynthos LGZA and Kefallinia LGKF and ZZZZ Messologi field
- LGPZ ATC controlling Military TMA affecting LGPZ and ZZZZ Agrinion field
will be very "nervous" if you do not carry and operate a Mode C transponder.
So in essence Mode C (not just A) transponder is required in all of Greece for VFR flights.
31. SLOTs for IFR flights
Airport slot allocation scheme was implemented in Greece like in other European countries for IFR flights as of July 2015. Slots Coordinating Authority in Greece website: http://www.hsca.gr/
The slot allocation scheme DOES affect light GA IFR traffic in Greece in some busy airports but not VFR traffic which is irrelevant to slots anyway.
AOPA investigated the potential of pilots self management of own slots but the finding was that this is impossible due to commercial software and coded language required.
The SLOT MANAGEMENT is therefore handled by your handling agent at an additional charge in the range of 80~90 Euro. They know where and when you need slot and they will advise you accordingly when you contact them.
Do not confuse SLOTs with needed PPR/PNR's at some airports as described in paragraph 19 for which Handlers also do the job of administering them for you. PPRs are for parking (apron space) management, SLOTs are for airspace traffic capacity management. Still though SLOT allocation in Greece is connected to the need of a PPR issued and the handler will take care of both for you where/when needed.
August 2016 update: AOPA Hellas after consulting member pilots has concluded that SLOTs in practice are seldomly required only at some very busy airports and at peak traffic times. The information if a SLOT is needed will come via the handler in such cases. So the advice of pilots is: Leave it up to the handler to let you know if a SLOT is required in which case they manage it at an additional charge.
Tip: Do not specifically inform the handler you are flying in/out IFR if not asked about it ...
32. Passenger Declaration
According to an HCAA order to handling agents from October 2015 (Download for reference - Greek language only) each General Aviation Aircraft Passenger must fill in (DOWNLOAD) a declaration like this wherein each declare that a) they are aware this is not a public transport flight and b) they are not paying for it and c) the relation of the passenger with the pilot is declared. The declaration is submitted by handling agent or the pilot to airport CAA office. It is in Greek and at time of this writing we do not know if it is applicable to non Greek passengers / non Greek register aircraft.
June 2016 update: The HCAA order has been pubslihed through a NOTAM (LGGG airspace NOTAM: A1230/16) which has also been incorporated in Greece AIP GEN 18.104.22.168.2. The instructions are for any aircraft that do not depart and/or arrive in ICAO to ICAO airports (i.e. ZZZZ fields or off airport sites for helicopters), or flies off standard IFR airways. It calls for an obligation by the pilot to submit the FPL and send the above mentioned passenger declaration, now mentioned as "HCAA Form 731", to the dedicated email of GENERALAVIATIONFLIGHTS(AT)HCAA.GR two hours prior to the flight. AOPA managed to get hold of form 731 in the Greek and English version. DOWNLOAD HCAA Form 731 ENGLISH - GREEK. HCAA Form 731 differs from the above declaration of the handling agents in that it is NOT any more an individual per passenger form but one single form that lists all passengers with details and signatures and it is countersigned by the pilot in command.
AOPA is in the process of condemning this procedure with its legal department and help from EASA but until there are further news we cannot publish anything.
In practice, this process of two hours prior passenger list submission has not been observed to be enforced but we are obliged to inform you. The only airports that unil now seem to be requesting the passenger declaration are LGKO Kos and LGRP Rhodes but this is based on pilots feedback and hence there may be more.
33. ICAO General Declaration
An ICAO Annex 9 GENERAL DECLARATION per flight is requested by CAA to be filled and submitted at each airport in Greece. It mainly acts as a passenger manifest and is used by Police for security checks and apron access control record or passport checks manifest at airports used for entry to/exit from Greece.
34. Mykonos LGMK in summer
Mikonos airport, unfortunately, in the summer months due to tremendous demand in GA aircraft visits and limited parking space available, has imposed by NOTAM a short time parking availability only making a few day's visit by GA aircraft impossible. In 2016 by NOTAM the permissions granted are for maximum 1 hour stay at the airport for any GA (private or business) aircraft. Please check relevant NOTAMs of LGMK for effectivitiy of the above.
AOPA Hellas, in order to help pilots flying to Greece and still wanting to visit Mikonos and nearby ancient Delos islands, has composed a table of possible fast ferry connections with near by islands who have more "relaxed" airfields without any major parking restrictions. By using this table we save you from searching around for airport & ferry schedules so that you can find easy connection from nearby airports to Mykonos port.
DOWNLOAD here the table and see if that helps as a "bypass" solution. We know! it does not solve the problem, but at least this is the best we can recommend for now until a future (rumored) apron extension materializes.
35. Military TMAs and Military Radar service
There is sometimes a misconception amongst pilots about Greece's MTMAs that because they are Military it will be hard to fly through or they will have special requirements or they will not accommodate pilot requests. None of these are true. TMAs in Greece are Class E airspace. They are conrolled airspace starting from 1000ft AGL but VFR fly through without any problems. You need to be in VHF communication to enter/fly in them. The controlling unit is the APProach service of the respective MTMA name airport. Because, especially in the mainland, they occupy a large pieces of airspace they are very accomodating to pilot's route needs as long as they are in communication with the pilot. Some MTMAs like the ones controlled by LGAD, LGSA & LGSY do have suggested "VFR routes". On days of heavy traffic you should consider it higlhy probable that you will be requested to follow these routes and altitudes. The most busy MTMA is LGAD (Andravida) in south Ionian sea which controlls local Military and all commercial Traffic flying in/out of LGZA Zakynthos, LGKF Kefallinia, LGRX Araxos. This is the area south of Kerkyra LGKR where VFR pilots fly though on their way to the southeast. So mainly for that MTMA during busy summer months (charter traffic) you should expect LGAD MTMA ATC to require you to fly via their VFR rooutes depending on their traffic. Another option especially for this busy MTMA when flying to/from LGKR to/from southeast is to route VFR via SOTEG-IXONI points which will keep you out fo the MTMA and terrain to the north. You can then proceed IXONI-TRL-IXIMA-MIL to avoid Athens TMA and the possible lower altitudes of their VFR routes that may be requested.
The VFR routes charts can be found in Greece AIP, Part 3 AD2 Aerodromes section (look for "VFR" at bottom of each airport listing). Check paragraph 27 for AIP login details.
In other MTMAs like LGTG, LGLR & LGBL the VFR routes are published only in the Military AIP (MAIP), hence civil pilots are NOT obliged to necessarily have them on board and cannot be forced to follow them. In such cases MIL ATC accept the route requested (filed) by the pilot and if needed they will suggest something similar maybe due to an exercise in progress for example.
VFR flights in Greece do not receive Radar Service but, be advised, most units have radar image feed from CAA. So VFR position reports are acknowledged by ATC/FIS as the official report but the controllers/operators almost always will have the traffic on radar screen as advisory tool.
Military Radar service
In case of uncertainty regarding MTMAs while flying or other information needed you can always use the MIL "TUGRIT" Radar (pronounced "tagrit") Advisory/Information service on common frequency 129,800. They are a network of radars covering the whole country H24 operational and respond also to civil pilots on VHF frequency 129,800. You first call "Tugrit Tugrit" with your callsign and (rough) position and the respective nearest unit responds with its callsign (i.e. the generic unit ATLAS or specific units like Mambo, Joker, Topsy, Mousa, Spathi etc.). Once communication is established you respond towards the unit's callsign and can then request them any flight information service or details about activity on your planned route etc. Workload (on their UHF side) permitting they will provide any assistance/information needed but they may ask you to still maintain VHF contact with their Civil colleagues (FIS) in case they call you. MIL radars see air traffic and also weather and may advise you about them if requested. Keep in mind this is NOT an official Air Traffic Service but simply information passed on to pilots by Military Radar controllers workload permitting.
TUGRIT service is useful for example in areas where you may fly low and be out of VHF range of CIV/MIL ATC/FIS service. Also it proves useful when you want to fly through a published Danger Area (for example LGD68 east of Andros island in central Aegean). Some Danger areas like D-68 are permanently activated but its not forbidden (like in the LGP-xx prohibited ones) to fly through them; the pilot has the responsibility. If you communicate with MIL ATC with position, altitude & intentions and they report that there is no activity in the area you are asking about, you can then safely fly through it and if Civil ATC question your intentions, you can report them that MIL ATC confirmed you there is no activity in the subject area and you will proceed.
36. Cost Sharing in private flights
EASA Part NCO rules are in effect in Greece as of last week of August 2016. This includes the ability of Cost Sharing in Non Commercial General Aviation flights.
More information in support of this will come in the following weeks (Sept.-Oct. 2016)
For more information email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Page Last Updated: 28 September 2016